Spotlight on the SDGs

Are UN member states on track to achieve the SDGs by 2030?

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UNA-NCA’s Advocacy Team produces broad progress reports on the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. To learn more, select one of the SDGs below to download our report.
No Poverty
Poverty entails more than surviving on less than $1.90 a day-it reflects a shortage of productive resources that ensure sustainable livelihood. It can manifest as hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education, social exclusion, and a lack of participation in decision-making processes. The first goal on the United Nations Sustainable Development agenda focuses on eradicating poverty in all its forms, as poverty is one of the most challenging roadblocks to achieving meaningful progress in sustainable development. While the world has made significant headway over the last thirty years, the pace of poverty reduction has since slowed down and is further jeopardized by climate-related disasters and the COVID-19 crisis.
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Zero Hunger
Nearly 690 million people are hungry, comprising 8.9% of the global populous. Millions of children suffer from extreme hunger and malnutrition, leaving them vulnerability to diseases and hindered in opportunities for educational success and gainful employment. Extreme hunger is a barrier to sustainable development and cultivates cyclical traps of poverty and suffering.
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Good Health and Well-Being
On World Health Day 2020, the Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres addressed healthcare workers around the world, in the midst of manning the frontlines and fighting the ravages of the COVID-19 pandemic: “We stand with you and we count on you. You make us proud. You inspire us. We are indebted to you. Thank you for the difference you are making every day and everywhere.” Prior to the outset of the global pandemic, the world witnessed substantial progress in the promotion of well-being at all ages. Notably, global life expectancy has continued to increase, and the rate of maternal and child mortality has consistently declined. The crisis of COVID-19 provides a watershed moment for health emergency preparedness and investment in critical 21st-century public services. The virus poses a formidable challenge to actualizing the UN’s third Sustainable Development Goal, and the international community must rise to the occasion and continue to collaborate and prioritize universal access to quality health services.
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Quality Education
The United Nations’ goals for sustainable development are all interconnected. Education can facilitate upward socioeconomic mobility and uplift children out of poverty. Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, millions of children worldwide were still out of school. The public health crisis threatens to further halt our progress towards ensuring inclusive and equitable education for all.
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Gender Equality
All human development and human rights issues have gender dimensions – whether at the global or local level. The UN focuses on priority areas that are fundamental to women’s equality and can unlock progress across the board. here’s how the un is making strides in the fight for equality:
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Clean Water and Sanitation
Access to clean water is a human right, and demand for water is increasing as the global population continues to grow. Despite progress in increasing access to clean drinking water and sanitation worldwide, billions of people live without stable access to either basic service. One in three people do not have access to safe drinking water, and countries face amplified challenges linked to water scarcity, poor sanitation, water pollution, and climate change. COVID-19 demonstrates the critical importance of sanitation, hygiene, and access to clean water for the prevention and containment of disease. Over 2.2 billion people around the world still lack safely managed drinking water, including 785 million without basic drinking water. Nearly 1,000 children die every day due to preventable water and sanitation-related diarrheal diseases.
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Affordable and Clean Energy
With its goal to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all, the United Nations aims to increase the global population’s resilience to climate change as well as increase economic, educational, and healthy opportunities for billions of people. The COVID-19 pandemic has reified the need for reliable and affordable electricity, as energy is foundational to our global capacity to deliver essential health services. Although the international community continues to advance toward realizing SDG 7, the rate of progress falls short of the scale required to reach the goal by 2030 and, against the backdrop of a public health crisis, progress is arguably more endangered than ever.
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Decent Work and Economic Growth
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
Infrastructure and industry are vital facets of economic growth, social development, and climate action. By 2030, the United Nations seeks to upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable and more inclusive. This means greater investment in clean manufacturing, the adoption of environmentally sound technologies, and accelerated financing for economic infrastructure in developing countries.
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Reduced Inequalities
Inequalities based on socioeconomic status, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, race, class, ethnicity, and religion remain prominent issues globally. Inequalities inhibit sustainable social and economic development and yield increases in poverty, crime, and disease. Global inequality is not confined to one country or region; wealthy countries experience poverty, while democracies encounter racism, discrimination, xenophobia, transphobia and misogyny.
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Sustainable Cities and Communities
Urban dwellers constitute over half of the global population. Cities are economic powerhouses, representing about 60% of the world’s GDP. At the same time, cities also account for about 70% of global carbon emissions. The challenges and consequences of rapid urbanization, including poorly planned cities and inadequate infrastructure, are manifold and contribute to social inequity, Environmental degradation, and public health risks. As an international community, civic society must strategically reflect on how we occupy space on this planet. Through Sustainable Development Goal #11, the UN aims to transform the way urban spaces are built and managed.
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Responsible Consumption and Production
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Climate Action
As greenhouse gas levels continue to climb, climate change is occurring at much higher rates than anticipated, and its effects are evident worldwide. By addressing climate change, we can build a sustainable world for everyone. But we need to act now.
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Life Below Water
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Life On Land
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions
As the rallying cry “No Justice, No Peace” reverberates around the world in the wake of George Floyd’s murder, we are once again reminded that the two can only exist in tandem. Peace is more than the absence of conflict – it is a mode of behavior that reflects a deep-rooted commitment to principles of justice and equality. These principles, in turn, must be supported by strong institutions that continuously reinforce the rule of law. Through Sustainable Development Goal 16, the United Nations aims to promote peaceful and inclusive societies, provide access to justice for all, and build effective and accountable institutions at all levels.
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Partnerships for the Goals
Global leaders have an opportunity to reduce inequality, end poverty, protect the environment and promote justice and peace through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). SDG 17 binds all of the goals together, as the successful pursuit of sustainable development is contingent upon the collaboration and determination of the private and public sectors.
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